Top 12 Trading Strategies for Beginners 2022
Top 12 Trading Strategies for Beginners 2022
1. Set Aside Funds
Assess how much capital you’re willing to risk on each trade. Many successful day traders risk less than 1% to 2% of their accounts per trade. If you have a $40,000 trading account and are willing to risk 0.5% of your capital on each trade, your maximum loss per trade is $200 (0.5% x $40,000).
2. Set Aside Time, Too
Day trading requires your time. That’s why it’s called day trading. You’ll need to give up most of your day, in fact. Don’t consider it if you have limited time to spare.
The process requires a trader to track the markets and spot opportunities, which can arise at any time during trading hours. Moving quickly is key.
Active investors race to buy low and sell high, but that’s easier said than done. A better strategy, experts say, is to make new investments at regular intervals, a process known as dollar-cost averaging.
Successful investing is less about timing the market than giving a broad portfolio of investments the time it needs to grow. Unlike the frenzied image you may have of stock market trading, slow and steady typically wins the investing race.
4. Limit active stock trades to 10% of a portfolio
If you want to buy stocks, try to keep these to 10% or less of your total investment portfolio. Again, actively managed stock market strategies that seek to beat the market regularly underperform passive strategies.
If you throw all of your money into one or a few companies, you’re banking on success that could quickly be halted by a single regulatory problem, new competitor or public relations disaster. If you still have a strong interest in actively trading with a portion of your portfolio, some stockbrokers offer educational tools and simulators that allow you to practice trading before you dive in. (Need some guidance? Check out our list of the best-performing stocks this year.)
5. Knowledge Is Power
In addition to knowledge of basic trading procedures, day traders need to keep up on the latest stock market news and events that affect stocks—the Fed’s interest rate plans, the economic outlook, etc.
So do your homework. Make a wish list of stocks you’d like to trade and keep yourself informed about the selected companies and general markets. Scan business news and visit reliable financial websites.
Set aside a surplus amount of funds you can trade with and are prepared to lose. Remember, it may or may not happen.
6. Start Small
As a beginner, focus on a maximum of one to two stocks during a session. Tracking and finding opportunities is easier with just a few stocks. Recently, it has become increasingly common to be able to trade fractional shares, so you can specify specific, smaller dollar amounts you wish to invest.
That means if Amazon shares are trading at $3,400, many brokers will now let you purchase a fractional share for an amount that can be as low as $25, or less than 1% of a full Amazon share.
7. Avoid Penny Stocks
You’re probably looking for deals and low prices but stay away from penny stocks. These stocks are often illiquid, and chances of hitting a jackpot are often bleak.
Many stocks trading under $5 a share become delisted from major stock exchanges and are only tradable over-the-counter (OTC). Unless you see a real opportunity and have done your research, stay clear of these.
8. Time Those Trades
Many orders placed by investors and traders begin to execute as soon as the markets open in the morning, which contributes to price volatility. A seasoned player may be able to recognize patterns and pick appropriately to make profits. But for newbies, it may be better just to read the market without making any moves for the first 15 to 20 minutes.
The middle hours are usually less volatile, and then movement begins to pick up again toward the closing bell. Though the rush hours offer opportunities, it’s safer for beginners to avoid them at first.
9. Cut Losses With Limit Orders
Decide what type of orders you’ll use to enter and exit trades. Will you use market orders or limit orders? When you place a market order, it’s executed at the best price available at the time—thus, no price guarantee.
A limit order, meanwhile, guarantees the price but not the execution.1 Limit orders help you trade with more precision, wherein you set your price (not unrealistic but executable) for buying as well as selling. More sophisticated and experienced day traders may employ the use of options strategies to hedge their positions as well.
10. Be Realistic About Profits
A strategy doesn’t need to win all the time to be profitable. Many traders only win 50% to 60% of their trades. However, they make more on their winners than they lose on their losers. Make sure the risk on each trade is limited to a specific percentage of the account and that entry and exit methods are clearly defined and written down.
11. Stay Cool
There are times when the stock markets test your nerves. As a day trader, you need to learn to keep greed, hope, and fear at bay. Decisions should be governed by logic and not emotion.
12. Stick to the Plan
Successful traders have to move fast, but they don’t have to think fast. Why? Because they’ve developed a trading strategy in advance, along with the discipline to stick to that strategy. It is important to follow your formula closely rather than try to chase profits. Don’t let your emotions get the best of you and make you abandon your strategy. There’s a mantra among day traders: “Plan your trade and trade your plan.”
Before we go into some of the ins and outs of day trading, let’s look at some of the reasons why day trading can be so difficult.
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